{FD} Inside Raqqa: From ISIS ‘caliphate’ to crumpled city of landmines, and loss

More than seven months since ISIS operatives were defeated in their once “caliphate” capital of Raqqa, Syria and the city remains something of an apocalyptic wasteland, of which the ramifications of four years of ISIS occupation followed by four months of intense liberation fighting led by the U.S-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) are continuing to take a toll.